Steelmaking is the procedure of making steel from scrap or iron ore. In steelmaking, unwanted impurities like iron, sulphur, silicon, nitrogen and excess carbon are taken out of the main raw material, called steel. The desired end product, steel is then shaped into different shapes like bars, plates, sheets and ductile rails. In order to increase the strength and durability of steel, it is essential to add reinforcing steel bars or plates to it.
Fast-Changing Changes in the Business Cycle
The old-line steel industry characterized by long hours, monotonous work and little automation is dying. In the past, steel manufacturers had to use manual labour and follow complicated production and business cycle to produce steel. As a result, the productivity of steel industry employees was low. Furthermore, the poor quality of steel products often resulted in safety hazards, worker fatigue and accidents. In addition, the heavy labour cost and high-cost of operation resulted in a diminished capacity for profit and expansion of the business cycle.
Nowadays, the steel industry has to deal with fast-changing changes in the business cycle. Rapidly changing market conditions demand flexible and cost-effective solutions that can be tailor-made for any steel industry application. Hence, steel manufacturers and suppliers have to develop comprehensive strategies to respond to changing business cycle. Developing new business cycle processes and solutions that can address operational, environmental and social demands are critical for long-term sustainable development of the steel industry.
Each Steel Manufacturer Needs to Strengthen Their Overall Management Capability
To respond to rapidly evolving business cycle, steel manufacturers need to identify, plan and implement the actions that help them to strengthen their capabilities. These actions help individual companies to respond to market changes and to remain competitive. Steelmakers need to strengthen their capabilities to gain an edge over the competitors. To achieve this objective, each steel manufacturer needs to: strengthen their overall management capability, improve its production capacity and quality and reduce costs. Furthermore, companies need to consolidate their production, procurement, selling and distribution networks.
Steel manufacturers need to develop and maintain strategic alliances to partner with existing and emerging customers to provide them with raw materials. It is important for the steel industry to develop and maintain a relationship with both core markets and suppliers. As a result, the steel industry will face tough competition from recycled scrap metal buyers and iron ore buyers. Scrap metal buyers will offer lower prices than iron ore buyers in the near future due to the current state of the economy.
Open-hearth furnace technology has been the main contributing factor to the emergence of the steel industry. The open-hearth furnace technology provides consistent high temperature and high purity steel production. In addition, it also offers a variety of processing options including rolled, dished, direct gas brazed and direct gas-fired products. With this technology, the basic oxygen steel manufacturing process has become faster and more efficient.